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Russian oligarchies.


            Whether it is possible to name modern Russian "oligarches" oligarches?

«Oligarchia» (in translation with Greek «the authority of the few persons») is political and economic domination of the small closed group of persons. So the state with similar board refers to also.

Oligarchies were, for example, in many policies of the Ancient Greece of the period of decline. But to even more given concept there corresponds the device of Carthago, where in hands of the largest latifundists has been concentrated both foreign trade, and political authority. Or the similar device of the Venetian or Novgorod medieval republics. Plus - population, as obedient manipuliruemoj crowds.

         In general, the device of oligarchies is primitively enough. Ancient Rome, for example, was much more complex and more various (so – the more firmly) is organized and included, besides old patrician generations sorts, also “riders” («aristocrats from a purse»), the active plebeian groups conducted by national tribunes, communities Italic allies.

         As this point of view, Russian "oligarches" obviously do not maintain similar comparison. Tyhey are like authorized representatives of authority, such "financial factors", more likely, look at the Polish sirs and, in general, the European aristocrats.

         The role of "aristocrats" in the Russian scheme is played by large officials (that is, ex-Soviet nomenclature). All of us see, how this or that high-ranking bureaucrat, after reorganization unsuccessfully terminated for it passes to one of the main posts in corporation or bank, which interests in sweat of the person lobbied on "public service". And, at again adjusted political conjuncture, this majestic husband comes back in the device and renews lobbyist activity. Before the following reorganization.

         Officials (ex Soviet generation) never could adjust scale export of raw material and capitals on the West in conditions of the political-economical chaos established on the post-Soviet space. Here "oligarches" with their fast reaction, communications and informal channels of decision-making also were useful.

Khodorkovsky wrote also: «we had no real authority in Russia. Officials used us, and then have substituted». Still, "oligarches" are an excellent target for switching discontent of the population.

The well-known Moscow processes above the several Russian billionaires mean, that those have tried to become, at last, original oligarches, having added to capitals political authority (for example, having taken hold of mass-media or having bought up the Duma parties).

Alex Fantalov.


Russian vampir. A. Fantalov (canvas, on oil).


Mao and Russia.